Legal profession is one of the most respected and challenging career as most of the people are law abiding and try not to engage in activities that defy the law of the country. People have immense faith on lawyers and the legal system of India. Lawyers interpret the complex laws and render advice to their clients on the legal procedures and rights. People also consult lawyers to draft their wills and terms and conditions of contracts or for negotiations. Law jobs are gaining popularity and bright individuals are entering the profession.
To become a lawyer, one can either pursue a three-year LLB degree after graduation or a five-year BA LLB course after class 12. Generally an entrance exam is conducted by colleges or Universities offering the course. After completing LLB, one can go for LLM or opt for any specialised course in any branch of law like civil law, criminal law, corporate law, income tax law, international law, labour law, constitutional law and patent law etc. Some of the leading law institutes in India are the National Law School, Bangalore; Symbiosis Society's Law College (SSLC), Pune; National Law University, Jodhpur; Faculty of Law, Delhi University; Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi; National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS), Kolkata etc.
The job prospects in the profession are abundant as both the public as well as the private sector organizations need qualified and specialised lawyers. One can enrol oneself with the State or the Central Bar council to become an advocate. Magistrate, Sub-magistrate, district judge and session judge are the other posts that a lawyer can acquire with time and seniority. One can even be appointed in High Courts and the Supreme Court in due course of time.
In the government sector jobs like law officers, assistant advisors, deputy legal advisors and legal advisors can be taken up. Solicitors, Attorney General, Advocate General, Notary and Oath Commissioners are other State and Central government posts that can be pursued. The Central or the State governments conduct regular exams for these posts.
Lawyers can also work as legal advisors for firms, organizations and trusts. The complexity of Company laws require companies to hire legal professions that specialise in Corporate or Company laws. For the post of a Company Secretary, companies generally prefer law graduates or a member of the Institute of Company Secretaries. Jobs in the Defence services, teaching and writing are other options that can be pursued by a lawyer. The remuneration and salary in the profession increase on one grows in the profession. working in the government sector earn handsome salaries and other amenities as decided by the pay commissions. The private legal practitioner can also earn decent package as well as make a name for oneself by taking up high profile or difficult cases.