Nepotism is defined as "Favoritism shown to relatives and friends, especially in business or political appointments." The word is derived from the Italian word nepotismo which stems from the Latin term nepos (grandson, nephew). The word found meaning when popes in the Roman Catholic Church confirmed important positions to their sons. Because a pope was supposed to be chaste, the son was euphemistically called a nephew.
Today, nepotism is usually seen to be a negative practice due to the fact that it implies that the person getting the job, promotion, college admittance, or property is usually not otherwise qualified enough to have it. There are no uniform laws regarding nepotism, but there are many different ways to create laws of nepotism or practices as well as oppose already existing laws or practices.
Some states, cities or organizations will create their own nepotism laws. Nepotism laws will differ from state to state. Entities who do adopt nepotism laws typically only prohibit the ‘appointment' of a relative to a position of trust or emolument. Emolument is defined as any advantage, profit or gain arising from the position in office.' Emolument could be interpreted as anybody who has the authority to fire, hire or decide issues of salary, promotion, leaves of absence and other job-related benefits for a relative.
Another type of nepotism that occurs is within the educational system, when a family member is admitted on the basis of their family's history at the school applied to. The school district itself would have to have nepotism laws in place to forbid such a thing.
Nepotism is very common in business and it is mostly accepted here as well.